# Compound Inequalities

### INEQUALITIES AND ABSOLUTE VALUE

A compound inequality are when two or more inequalities joined together with either “and” or “or.”

In this lesson, we will look at how to find and graph the solution set for two compound inequalities.

#### Remember :

A compound inequality is when you have 2 or more inequalities and you want to find the solution set for the problem.

#### Lets look other ways a compound inequality may be written.

 Example 1. $\color{blue}{14 \leq 2n+18 \lt 20}$ Example 2. $\color{#800080}{2a+3 \gt 7}$    $\color{#800080}{\cap}$    $\color{#800080} {2a+9 \geq 11}$ Example 3. $\color{#008080}{12 \gt {^-3y}}$    $\color{#008080}{\cup}$    $\color{#008080}{ {^-2y} \gt {^-12}}$

#### Example 1.     $\color{blue}{14 \leq 2n+18 \lt 20}$

This inequality can be broken down into 2 separate inequalities:
\begin{align*} \color{blue}{14}&\color{blue}{\leq 2n+18} \lt 20 & 14 \leq \color{blue}{2n+18} &{\color{blue}{\lt20}}\\ 14 &\leq 2n+18 & 2n+18 &\lt20 \end{align*}
The solution set will be the intersection of these two inequalities.

 $14 \leq 2n+18$ and $2n+18 \lt 20$ $14 \color{blue}{-18} \leq 2n+18 \color{blue}{-18}$ and $2n+18 \color{blue}{-18} \lt 20 \color{blue}{-18}$ $-4 \leq 2n$ and $2n \lt 2$ $\color{blue}{-2 \leq n}$ or and $\color{blue}{n \lt 1}$ $\color{blue}{n \geq -2}$ and

So the solution set can be written as $\color{blue}{-2 \leq n \lt 1}$
and can be graphed on a number line:

#### Example 2.     $\color{#800080}{2a+3 \gt 7}$    $\color{#800080}{\cap}$    $\color{#800080} {2a+9 \geq 11}$

The $\color{#800080}{\cap}$ represent the intersection of the two solution sets,
So we can replace the $\color{#800080}{\cap}$ with the word “and”.

 $2a+3 \gt 7$ and $2a+9 \geq 11$ $2a+3 \color{#800080}{-3} \gt 7 \color{#800080}{-3}$ and $2a+9 \color{#800080}{-9} \geq 11 \color{#800080}{-9}$ $2a \gt 4$ and $2a \geq 2$ $\color{#800080}{a \gt 2}$ and $\color{#800080}{a \geq 1}$ and

So the solution set to this problem is the overlap of the 2 individual graphs, $\color{#800080}{a \gt 2}$
and can be graphed on a number line:

#### Example 3.     $\color{#008080}{12 \gt {^-3y}}$    $\color{#008080}{\cup}$    $\color{#008080}{ {^-2y} \gt {^-12}}$

When a compound inequality has a $\color{#008080}{\cup}$ between the 2 inequalities the $\color{#008080}{\cup}$ represent the union of the two solution sets, so we can replace the $\color{#008080}{\cup}$ with the word “or”.

Remember when you multiply or divide an inequality by a negative number you flip the sign.

 $12 \gt -3y$ or $-2y \gt -12$ $\frac {12}{\color{#008080}{-3}} \color{#008080}{\lt} \frac{-3y } {\color{#008080}{-3}}$ or $\frac {-2y}{\color{#008080}{-2}} \color{#008080}{\lt} \frac{-12} {\color{#008080}{-3}}$ $\color{#008080}{y \lt -4}$ or $\color{#008080}{y \lt 6}$ or

So the solution set is the combination of the 2 individual graphs, $\color{#008080}{y \lt 6}$
and can be graphed on a number line:

### Hey!

This might be fun to look at next:

Graphing points on a Coordinate Plane

Graphing Inequalities on a Coordinate Plane