# What is an Inequality? An introduction to understanding and graphing inequalities

## An Introduction to Graphing Inequalities

The video is an introduction to what an inequality is. We look at why we need inequalities and how to graph them.

#### Let’s continue this idea by looking at the finer details of graphing inequalities.

Graph:     $\color{blue}{x < 4}$

Lets start by graphing some of the numbers that make the statement $x < 4$ true. These are only a few of the solutions. We use need to use a line to show that all the numbers less than 4 are included. Also by putting an open circle where the start of the solution is (around the 4) we are saying that while $3.99999$ is part of the solution set, 4 is not. When the the number is not included in the solution set the circle is open.

Graph:     $\color{blue}{x \leq 4}$

Again we will use a line to show that all the numbers less than 4 are included, but this time we put a closed circle (which means that we color in the circle) around the number where the start of the solution is. So in this case, the filled in circle around the 4 is telling the reader that 4 is part of the solution set. When the the number is included in the solution set the circle is filled in.

Graph:     $\color{blue}{x > 4}$

Pick a value for x to determine which way to draw the line representing the solution set. Since 6 is greater than 4 the line is drawn to the right.</> When the the number is not included in the solution set the circle is open. 