In this lesson, we will look at solving equations when there are variables on both sides of the equation, using both algebra tiles and pencil and paper. The second example is a word problem involving decimals and is solved using only pencil and paper.
The key to solving multi-step equations is to follow the golden rule of Algebra
“Do unto the right-hand side of the equation
as you do unto the left-hand side of the equation.”
Try this problem:
Jeffrey spend the same amount of money each morning. On Sunday, he bought a newspaper for $\$2.50$ and also bought two doughnuts. On Monday, he bought a newspaper for $\$1.00$ and bought four doughnuts. What is the cost of one doughnut?
Step by Step Solution:
First step is to pick a variable to represent the doughnuts and write an equation.
Lets use $d$ to represent the doughnuts.
On Sunday Jeffrey $\$2.50$ for a newspaper and had 2 doughnuts: $2.50+2d$
On Monday Jeffrey $\$1.00$ for a newspaper and had 4 doughnuts: $1.00+4d$
He spends the same amount on Sunday and Monday,
so our equation would be:
\[ 2.50+2d=1.00+4d \]
Now that we have an equation, we need to get the variables on one side of the equation and everything else on the other side.
So one doughnut costs $75$ cents.