In this video we use tiles and the adding opposite rule to explain how to subtract integers.

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#### Subtracting Using a Number Line.

In the video above we subtracted using Algebra tile, another way to thing about subtracting integers is by using a number line. Remember: if a number does not have a sign it is positive, so 4 – 5 is the same as saying positive 4 minus positive 5.

**A positive number minus a positive number:**

*Ex. 1 * Lets look at the problem $4-5$.

To do this problem lets pretend that you are walking along a number line.

First you would start by standing on the $4$

Because this is a subtraction problem you will be facing as if you were to walk toward the negative numbers.

Since the $5$ is positive, you would move forward $5$ spaces.

**The Adding Opposites Property of Subtraction:**

says that subtracting a number is the same as adding the opposite of that number.

Going back to $4-5$, we could think of it as $4$ $+$ the opposite of $5$ or $4 + {^-5}$, and using the rules for addition we know that $4 + {^-5} = {^-1}$.

In both cases the answer was ${^-1}$ and we can see that $4-5$ is equivalent to $4 + {^-5}$

**A negative number minus a positive number:**

*Ex. 2* ${^-4}-5$.

First you would start by standing on the ${^-4}$. Because this is a subtraction problem you will be facing as if you were to walk toward the negative numbers, and move forward $5$ spaces.

*Using the Adding Opposites Property of Subtraction:*

${^-4}-5 = {^-4} + {^-5} = {^-9}$

**A positive number minus a negative number:**

*Ex. 3* $4$ $- {^-5}$.

We will start at $4$, face toward the negative numbers and go $5$ spaces backwards (the opposite direction as ${^-5}$)

*Using the Adding Opposites Property of Subtraction:*

$4$ $- {^-5} = 4 + 5 = 9$

**A negative number minus a negative number:**

*Ex. 4 * ${^-4}$ $- {^-5}$.

We will start at ${^-4}$, face toward the negative numbers and go $5$ spaces backwards (the opposite direction as ${^-5}$)

*Using the Adding Opposites Property of Subtraction:*

${^-4}$ $- {^-5} = {^-4} + 5 = 1$

#### Try the problem: ${^-6}$ $- {^-4}$

on your own then check your answer with the video below.

The Review worksheet is a puzzel to practice these skills with fractions